University of Ghana UG grading system
UG GRADING SYSTEM
Student performance in a course shall be graded as follows:
Letter Grade Marks Grade Point Interpretation
A 80 – 100 4.0 Outstanding
B+ 75 – 79 3.5 Very Good
B 70 – 74 3.0 Good
C+ 65 – 69 2.5 Fairly Good
C 60 – 64 2.0 Average
D+ 55 – 59 1.5 Below Average
D 50 – 54 1.0 Marginal Pass
E 45-49 0.5 Unsatisfactory
F 0 – 44 0 Fail
Note: *Although this is a failure grade, it may still be accepted as fulfilling prerequisite for other courses.
Grade Interpretation Grade Point
X Fail 0
Z Disqualification 0
I Incomplete 0
Y Continuing 0
AUDI Audit 0
Grade Point (GP): Each Grade is assigned an equivalent grade point as indicated above. The number of (grade) points earned by a student, for each course completed, is computed as the product of the number of credits for the course and the grade point equivalent letter of the grade obtained in that course.
Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): The student’s cumulative grade point average is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points obtained, up to any specified time, by the total number for credits of all courses for which the student has registered up to that time.
Final Grade Point Average (FGPA): The FGPA is the CGPA for all courses under consideration calculated up to the end of a student’s academicprogramme.
21. DEFINITION OF GRADES
21.1 Pass Grades: Grades A to D constitute Pass grades.
21.2 Failure Grades: Grades E, F, X, Z constitute Failure grades.
21.3 Continuing: A grade Y (for Continuing) shall be awarded at the end of a semester to any student who is taking a course which continues into the next semester.
21.4 Audit: A grade AUDI shall be awarded for attendance at lectures where no examination is taken, or where an examination is taken, but no mark can be returned, for good reasons. The Grade AUDI is not taken into account in the calculation of the FGPA.
21.5 Non-Completion of Course:
i. A grade I (for Incomplete) shall be awarded to a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons adjudged by the Board of Examiners as satisfactory. Such a student shall be expected to complete the course the very next time the course is available.
ii. A grade X shall be awarded to a student who is unable to complete a course for reasons adjudged by the Board of Examiners as unsatisfactory.
i. A grade Z denotes Disqualification from an examination as a result of an examination malpractice or offence, and shall be awarded whenever it is established that a candidate had attempted to gain an unfair advantage in an examination, be it in a Principal subject or an Ancillary or any other paper.
ii. A candidate awarded a grade Z may be debarred from taking a University Examination for a stated period, or indefinitely, or may be expelled from the University altogether.
iii. A grade Z may be awarded only by the Board of Examiners.